In March 2023, Crowdfund Capital Advisors released its annual report of the top up-and-coming cities for Pre-IPO startups. Each city was ranked according to our “Startup Viability IndexTM” (SVI) by the amount of money invested into pre-IPO startups, the number of fundraising campaigns, the average valuation for companies, the number of investors into fundraising rounds, the success rate of campaigns, and the number of unique industries represented. Our team of researchers calculated a score based on how impactful each category was to local entrepreneurship, technological innovation, economic stimulus, and job creation. Below is the 2023 list of the top 100. For more information on the Top 100, contact firstname.lastname@example.org.